HAKAI (1961)

Film details

Alternative titles

  • The OUTCAST Alternative
  • The SIN Alternative


One of Ichikawa's most powerful dramas, this focuses on a young man from the 'burakumin' (Japan's pariah caste) who attempts to conceal his lowly origins by posing as a teacher, yet is tormented by the desire to confess his identity to his students and superiors. Naturalistic in tone, this is also a psychologically complex and darkly beautiful piece of cinema, its climactic sequence of snowfall in the mountains serving as a metaphor for the entire narrative: a world in which the truth is always erased.

Cast & Credits

Latest from the BFI

  • Latest from the BFI

    Latest news, features and opinion.

More information

Films, TV and people

  • Films, TV and people

    Film lists and highlights from BFI Player.

More information

Sight & Sound magazine

  • Sight & Sound magazine

    Reviews, interviews and features from the international film magazine.

More information

Back to the top